CBHC / RCAHMW https://rcahmw.gov.uk On the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales Wed, 01 Apr 2020 06:54:41 +0000 en-GB hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.3.2 Royal Commission Archive & Library Bulletin of Newly Catalogued Material – March 2020 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/royal-commission-archive-library-bulletin-of-newly-catalogued-material-march-2020/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/royal-commission-archive-library-bulletin-of-newly-catalogued-material-march-2020/#respond Tue, 31 Mar 2020 08:26:26 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=18474 Archives

In light of both the Coronavirus outbreak and the migration of our records to a new digital platform we are presently unable to share our list of newly catalogued archive material with you. Please scroll down to view recent acquisitions to our Library.

Copy of an early illustrated map showing Bardsey Island, Ref. DI2009_0743, C.436366 NPRN 402783
Copy of an early illustrated map showing Bardsey Island, Ref. DI2009_0743, C.436366 NPRN 402783


All our books and journals can be found on the Royal Commission’s Library Catalogue and viewed in our Library and Search Room.

  • Blake, Brian (ed.) 1965. Industrial Archaeology: A Guide to the Technological Revolution of Britain. London: British Broadcasting Corporation.
  • Cadw. 1994. Strategic Framework for Funding Archaeological Work in Wales. Cardiff: Cadw.
  • Cadw. 2002. What Is Scheduling? Cardiff: Cadw.
  • Cunliffe, Barry. 1972. Cradle of England: An Introduction through Archaeology to the Early History of England and a Brief Guide to Selected Sites in the South. London: British Broadcasting Corporation.
  • Galinsky, Gunther; Jürgen Leistner; Gernot Scheuermann. 2001. Kavernenkraftwerk Drei-Brüder-Schacht: Geschichte und Überlegungen zur Rekonstruktion. Freiberg: Saxonia, Standortentwicklungs- und -verwaltungsgesellschaft mbH.
  • Gooch, Geoffrey D. 1991. Teknikimporten från Storbritannien 1825-1850 en studie av Göta kanals och Motala verkstads betydelse som förindustriella teknikimportörer: en rapport från forskningsprojektet Göta kanal. Linköping: Univ. Hekker, R.C. 1991. Historische boerderijtypen = Historical types of farms. Arnhem: Stichting Historisch Boerderij-onderzoek. Langberg, Harald. 1968. Skorstenspiber = Chimneys. København, Foreningen til Gamle Bygningers Bevaring; (Arkitekten).
  • Lee, Charles E. 1962. The Welsh Highland Railway. Dawlish: Welsh Highland Railway Society; David & Charles.
  • Lock, Katy and Ellis, Hugh. 2020. New towns: the rise, fall and rebirth. London: RIBA Publishing.
  • Marshall, Des. 2018. Exploring Snowdonia’s slate heritage: 26 great walks. London: Yale University Press. Møller, Elna. 1960. Tømrede klokkehuse. København: Arkitektens forlag. Stoklund, Bjarne. 1969. Bondegard og byggeskik : før 1850. København: Dansk historisk faellesforening.
RCAHMW colour oblique aerial photograph of Allt Goch Crannog, Rhayader, 13-10-1992, Ref. DI2013_0735 NPRN 261838
RCAHMW colour oblique aerial photograph of Allt Goch Crannog, Rhayader, 13-10-1992, Ref. DI2013_0735 NPRN 261838


  • AJ Specification February (2020).
  • Ancient Monuments Society Newsletter Spring (2020).
  • Ancient Monuments Society Transactions Volume 64 (2020).
  • Architects’ Journal Volume 247 (Part 04, 27/02/2020).
  • Architects’ Journal Volume 247 (Part 05, 12/03/2020).
  • Carmarthenshire Antiquary Volume 55 (2019).
  • Current Archaeology Volume 361 (April 2020).
  • Eavesdropper Volume 61 (Spring 2020).
  • Newyddion CHERISH News, Volume 5 (January 2020).
  • Railway and Canal Historical Society Bulletin Volume 484 (March 2020).
  • Railway and Canal Historical Society Journal Volume 40 (Part 1, No. 237 March 2020).
  • The Victorian Number 63 (March 2020).
  • Tools & Trades History Society Newsletter Volume 145 (Spring 2020).
  • Welsh Railways Research Circle Newsletter Volume 162 (Spring 2020).
Colour oblique aerial photograph of Ynys Gwylan, 03-05-2017, Ref. CH2019_179_001 C.658899 NPRN 544002
Colour oblique aerial photograph of Ynys Gwylan, 03-05-2017, Ref. CH2019_179_001 C.658899 NPRN 544002

Journals: Current Awareness

  • Ancient Monuments Society Newsletter Spring (2020) p.8 Casework: the Inn Between, Usk, Monmouthshire; p.9 St Mary, Butetown, Cardiff; p.9-10 St Garmon, Castle Caereinion; p.10 Capel y Mynach, Devil’s Bridge; p.11 St Elidan, Llaneliden, Clwyd; Capel Graig, Machynlleth, Powys; p.11-12 St Cadoc, Penrhos, Monmouthshire.
  • Friends of Friendless Churches, Director’s Report p.15 appeal to save St Philip’s, Caereon, Gwynedd LBI.
  • Tales from Friend’s Churches p. 16 St Beuno, Penmorfa, Gwynedd; p16-17 St Jerome, Llangwm Uchaf, Monmouthshire; p.17 St Mary’s, Llanfair Kilgeddin, Monmouthshire; St Cadoc, Llangattock-Vibon-Avel, Monmouthshire; p.17-18 St Brothen, Llanfrothen, Gwynedd.
  • Grants given by the National Lottery Heritage Fund – p.25 Cardiff Market restoration; Flint – improvement project; p.26 Capel y Mynach, Devil’s Bridge – Community project; St Michael, Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn, Ceredigion; Nevern Church, Monmouthshire. P.30 article on the ‘Experiencing Sacred Wales’ project. P37 The table of tree-ring dated buildings for England and Wales has been updated on www.vag.org.uk/dendro-tables.
  • Current Archaeology Volume 361 (April 2020) p.8-9 World Heritage Nomination for Welsh Slate. P.9 Gothic Sculpture at Anglesey Abbey. P.11 Roman discoveries at Llanwern.
  • Tools & Trades History Society Newsletter Volume 145 (Spring 2020), p.6-12 Iron and steel making in South Wales (reprinted with some editing from The English Illustrated Magazine for 1884-5).
RCAHMW colour oblique photograph of Caldey Island 24-07-2012 Ref AP_2012_3286 C.917487 NPRN 401669
RCAHMW colour oblique photograph of Caldey Island 24-07-2012 Ref AP_2012_3286 C.917487 NPRN 401669

Coronavirus closure

In line with Government guidance and National Library of Wales policy, we have decided to close our public search room for the foreseeable future. However, we value our clients and our Enquiry Team will continue to answer enquiries sent to them by email and telephone to the best of their ability. We are presently unable to gain access to our physical archives and therefore may not be able to answer every enquiry. We will, however, do our best using the digital resources available to us. With many people working from home over the next few weeks, we recognise that this will be an ideal opportunity to catch up with work or undertake research and we will do everything possible to assist you with this.

Christopher Catling
RCAHMW Secretary

Contact us

If you have any comments or enquiries, please feel free to contact us:

NMRW Library and Enquiries Service
Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales
Penglais Road
Ceredigion SY23 3BU

Telephone: +44 (0)1970 621200
Fax: +44 (0)1970 627701
Email: nmr.wales@rcahmw.gov.uk
Website: rcahmw.gov.uk

Croesewir gohebiaeth yn y Gymraeg a’r Saesneg | Correspondence welcomed in Welsh and English

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Parks & Gardens https://rcahmw.gov.uk/parks-gardens/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/parks-gardens/#respond Tue, 24 Mar 2020 19:07:17 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=18457 Like most regions of the British Isles, Wales has a rich inheritance of historic parks and gardens. They are part of Wales’s national identity, enriching the texture and pattern of our landscapes and forming a valuable record of social, cultural and economic change. Parkland is made up of a range of features, including the pattern of woodlands and trees, avenues, main drives, water features, buildings and other structures. Most parks are, or were, focused on a country house or a castle residence around many of which were gardens, enclosed spaces cultivated with fruit or food or else laid out for pleasure. The presence and relationship between their various features contribute to the unique character of individual parks and gardens.

These landscapes are a fragile and finite resource that can easily be damaged or lost. It was in response to the attrition suffered by them during the twentieth century that Cadw set up the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens (RHPG), launched in 1994. The Register is essentially a comprehensive catalogue of parks and gardens of special historic interest in Wales. Published as a series of regional volumes between 1993 and 2002, the Register initially contained some 375 sites. More have been added in recent years bringing the total close to 400. The Register includes a wide variety of landscapes ranging from medieval deer parks and Tudor gardens to twentieth-century hospitals, cemeteries, public parks, and even some industrial sites. Several private suburban gardens are also featured. Descriptions of historic parks and gardens can be viewed through Coflein, the Royal Commission’s online database of sites and monuments, and also in the printed registers held in the National Monuments Record library.

Registered parks and gardens are valued historic assets. Each is a unique source of information about the past, each has its own story to tell. They may contain important evidence about how and when they were created, how they were used, and how they have changed over time, contributing to the history of parkland and garden development. They are also valued for the integration of the natural environment including water features, lakes, ponds, rivers and streams, native and exotic plantings and ancient trees. Many offer important conservation value for wildlife as well as opportunities for public recreation, both of which contribute to the well-being of local communities and to our economy through tourism. In this way they help to meet the goals set out in the Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act (2015). As a source of enjoyment and learning, and a valuable network of green spaces, our historic parks and gardens have an important part to play in building a healthier and greener Wales.

A crucial purpose of the Register is to raise awareness of the significance of these designed landscapes and to encourage those involved in their management to treat them as valued and distinctive places. They are protected through the planning system, and local authorities are supplied with data that enables them to be incorporated into Local Development Plans.

The Register was originally set up as a non-statutory instrument. The Historic Environment (Wales) Act (2016) recognised the Register as an important source of information in support of protecting historic landscapes. It placed a statutory responsibility on the Welsh Ministers to compile and maintain the Register, to be carried out in practice by Cadw, the Welsh Government’s Historic Environment Service. In advance of moving the Register onto a statutory footing during 2020 it has been necessary to conduct a programme of consultation with owners and managers, preceded by a review of all park and garden boundaries. The consultation has been carried out in partnership with the Royal Commission. Landowners have been contacted and information passed on, both to raise awareness and to allay concerns. In many instances sites have been visited. In some cases this has led to the removal of some sections of parkland from the Register where distinctive features have been

erased through recent developments. In others, parkland boundaries have been enlarged as previously unrecognised characteristics have been identified.

Although the purpose of registration is to protect and preserve the essential features of historic parks and gardens, this is not intended to block change. Historic landscapes continue to evolve as they always have done and change is often necessary to secure their long-term sustainability. Change can involve many types of activity ranging from routine maintenance to new work or alteration. Changes that are likely to affect historic parks and gardens or their settings may alter their significance and historic character, and so they continue to be protected through the planning system.

Threats to historic parks and gardens that triggered the creation of the Register in the first place – and which continue to operate – are primarily conversion to agriculture, and urban/industrial development and expansion. To these threats must now be added climate change.

The effects of climate change will be many and varied and are already being felt. The distinctive character of historic parks and gardens will change. More frequent storm events will result in damage caused by high winds, rainfall, and periods of extreme drought and cold. More than half could be affected by flooding. Some exotic, heat-loving plants may benefit from warmer conditions and a longer growing season. But higher temperatures are also likely to lead to threats from invasive species, pests and diseases. Species already at the threshold of tolerance may well be lost. With hotter, drier summers visitor pressure on public spaces will increase.

Whatever the threat adaptation will be needed in order to mitigate the impact of change.

In adjusting to change, whether it is desirable or necessary, it is essential that it is well managed. This will ensure that our registered historic parks and gardens keep what is special about them for the benefit of current and future generations.

Dyffryn Gardens, Vale of Glamorgan (NPRN 307771)
Dyffryn Gardens, Vale of Glamorgan (NPRN 307771)

Although a park and gardens have existed around Dyffryn House since at least the eighteenth century, the site is best known for its grand Edwardian gardens which were established from the end of the nineteenth century on the now reduced parkland. In the Grade 1 listed gardens expansive formal areas are combined with more intricate, intimate elements, the work of Thomas Mawson, the foremost landscape architect of the time, and Reginald Cory, the owner, who was a well-known plant collector. Many newly arrived plants from countries such as China were grown at Dyffryn.

University of Aberystwyth Penglais campus (NPRN 309001)
University of Aberystwyth Penglais campus (NPRN 309001)

Its situation on rising ground close to the sea, facing the prevailing south-westerly winds, makes the campus one of the most exposed in Britain, its buildings needing protection from salt-laden air flows. Planting began even before construction started, buildings were then inserted in spaces between. Planting is dense, both tall and low-growing, mainly with evergreen shrubs and conifers. Shelter belts now protect the site. Having the appearance of a large woodland garden, the campus is Grade 1 listed in the Register as one of the most important modern landscaping schemes in Wales.

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Transitions in Europe https://rcahmw.gov.uk/transitions-in-europe/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/transitions-in-europe/#respond Thu, 12 Mar 2020 10:15:49 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=18418 How do we ensure that we present history in an impartial way? What if our country’s recent history is too painful for some to discuss? Are there continuing political or religious tensions that make it difficult to study our recent history objectively? These were some of the topics discussed by organisers of history competitions across Europe at their 2020 EUSTORY network meeting recently held in Málaga, Spain. 

The Mayor of Málaga with the EUSTORY members sharing his experiences of the ‘Spanish transition’ from the viewpoint of a politician
The Mayor of Málaga with the EUSTORY members sharing his experiences of the ‘Spanish transition’ from the viewpoint of a politician.
Photo: Juan Jesús Pan Aguilera

Through EUSTORY projects, young people from over 20 countries – including Wales – are supported to undertake research work on various topics. Whilst learning about their chosen topic, many will develop a range of skills, e.g. how to access, study and interpret various sources and data. They are given the opportunity of capturing the historical memories of their own families and communities and even to uncover the lost voices of victims and unsung heroes of the past.  Country winners will then be given the opportunity to share their stories further afield by attending the EUSTORY Youth Summit, which will be held in Ireland this year, and to contribute to the EUSTORY History Campus website, both funded by the Körber Foundation.

The Welsh Heritage Schools Initiative (WHSI) organises the annual history/heritage competition here in Wales and the Royal Commission is proud of its involvement with this initiative as part of its engagement programme with young people. Other current work with young people includes our Unloved Heritage: Ceredigion Off-limits? project and the creation of educational resources for HWB.

‘Transitions in Europe and the Legacies of La Transición in Spain and Beyond’ was the theme for this year’s EUSTORY meeting.  Spain’s history competition prize winners presented their research-based work on ‘Political Transitions’, which included topics such as improvements in working conditions, and changing attitudes towards women and their role in politics – a relevant topic as we celebrate Women’s History Month 2020. It was interesting to hear about the path to democracy and the changes in Spain from the perspective of the young people and how they valued the opportunities received through taking part in the EUSTORY competition. 

Angharad Williams, our Public Engagement Manager, who represented the WHSI at the 2020 EUSTORY network meeting, sharing good practice and discussing ideas on how to widen participation and engage with students from different backgrounds with other members
Angharad Williams, our Public Engagement Manager, who represented the WHSI at the 2020 EUSTORY network meeting, sharing good practice and discussing ideas on how to widen participation and engage with students from different backgrounds with other members

The importance of learning about history through impartial research and developing critical thinking skills was highlighted by a panel of experts (which included historians and a journalist), particularly as both political and social transitions take time, and attitudes will continue to change. These skills are especially important today with the increasing influence, and potential dangers of social media and fake news.

‘Understanding differences and overcoming divisions’ is EUSTORY’s motto as it works to provide opportunities for young people to listen and to learn from each other. An example of this at work was presented by our partner member from Israel. ‘Coping with Conflicting Histories in the Classroom in Israel and Palestine’ is a pilot project, based on a model from Northern Ireland, working with Jewish and Arab teachers and their students to enable them to share skills, develop joint lesson plans and learn selected topics together, including specific historical periods.

Discussions during the conference helped us think about how we support young people to learn from the past hopefully, to shape a better future.

We wish good luck to all schools in Wales competing in this year’s competition and we look forward to finding out who the winners will be on 3 July at the WHSI annual awards ceremony, to be held in Cardiff, when the initiative will also be celebrating its 30th anniversary!       


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Castell Nadolig hillfort, Ceredigion https://rcahmw.gov.uk/castell-nadolig-hillfort-ceredigion/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/castell-nadolig-hillfort-ceredigion/#respond Wed, 11 Mar 2020 08:32:36 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=18403 On the 5 March a break in the weather allowed the Royal Commission to carry out the first drone survey and ground recording of Castell Nadolig hillfort in south Ceredigion. This large 3.7 hectare hillfort on private farmland beside a busy road is the findspot of the rare Iron Age ‘Penbryn Spoons’ displayed in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Recent geophysical survey has also produced evidence for several burial mounds in and around the hillfort.

Castell Nadolig hillfort, Ceredigion
Castell Nadolig hillfort, Ceredigion

This ancient site now lies within controlled airspace for West Wales Airport and is in a military Danger Area so Toby Driver liaised closely with the helpful WWA air traffic staff to get the drone airborne – and landed again – within a tight operational window.  

Watch this space for details of a local talk about all the new research this winter!  #hillfortswednesday

Castell Nadolig hillfort drone photography
Castell Nadolig hillfort drone photography
Castell Nadolig hillfort rampart
Castell Nadolig hillfort rampart
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Adeane, the O.B.E, and the hospital by the sea https://rcahmw.gov.uk/adeane-the-obe-and-the-hospital-by-the-sea/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/adeane-the-obe-and-the-hospital-by-the-sea/#respond Fri, 06 Mar 2020 13:09:53 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=18392

To celebrate International Women’s Day, we bring you the story of Nurse Jane Henrietta Adeane.

To celebrate International Women’s Day, we bring you the story of Nurse Jane Henrietta Adeane
Jane Henrietta Adeane

On the morning of 28 November 1917, boatloads of men unexpectedly arrived on the island of Anglesey. Badly wounded and cold, they were taken to a building by the shore. Their ship, the SS APAPA, had been torpedoed only hours before. Waiting for them were the nurses of Stanley Sailors’ Hospital, led by Nurse Adeane.

A woman of means, Adeane had served as one of the hospital’s administrators and benefactors.

When war came she became the Commandant of the Sailors’ Hospital on behalf of the Red Cross. With an inadequate number of staff to deal with 1,400 patients admitted between 1916 and 1919, the nurses of the hospital had to work tirelessly to comfort and care for grievously wounded sailors.

Through sheer determination, Adeane and her staff saved the lives of scores of patients and the end of the war found the hospital still operating. In recognition of her incredible work and dedication, Adeane was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire.

* * *

You can find this and other stories in our free eBook, Wales and the U-Boat War: Sinkings, Survival and a Dog Named Lotte.

We hope these stories will inspire you to find out more on our website: www.uboatproject.wales

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