CBHC / RCAHMW https://rcahmw.gov.uk On the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales Fri, 22 Jun 2018 12:06:53 +0000 en-GB hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.9.6 We’re Making Improvements: Enhancing Site Descriptions, Spring 2018 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/were-making-improvements-enhancing-site-descriptions-spring-2018/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/were-making-improvements-enhancing-site-descriptions-spring-2018/#respond Fri, 22 Jun 2018 08:23:42 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=10919 Lambton Memorial, Flimston Church, Castlemartin, Pembrokeshire.

Lambton Memorial, Flimston Church, Castlemartin, Pembrokeshire.


The Royal Commission holds information on tens of thousands of ancient and historic monuments throughout Wales, each with its own individual entry in our online inventory, Coflein. These entries record the type of site, its location, related images and archival holdings, and a short description of the site and its history. This makes Coflein a convenient place to discover information about Wales’s rich built environment.

St Padarn's Church, Llanbadarn Fawr, Powys.

St Padarn’s Church, Llanbadarn Fawr, Powys.



The enhancement of site descriptions has been the focus of ongoing work which aims to ensure that entries are as informative and accurate as possible. This work has recently been highlighted in a new gallery on Coflein, showing some of the enhancements made during Spring 2018. From a medieval parish church in the middle of a firing range to the offices of the Heritage Lottery Fund in downtown Cardiff, the gallery showcases the wide range of sites examined by the Royal Commission. The gallery also features several public houses and hotels, such as the Cambrian Hotel in Borth, Ceredigion. This served as a refuge for evacuated children during the Second World War before being presented to the Urdd Gobaith Cymru in 1947.

Hafod Arms Hotel, Pontarfynach, Ceredigion.

Hafod Arms Hotel, Pontarfynach, Ceredigion.


We hope that this gallery will be the first of several, showcasing the ongoing enhancement of site descriptions on Coflein in the coming months. If you notice any information in need of improvement or correction, please do not hesitate to contact us through the ‘Feedback’ tab on Coflein.

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Commemorating the Forgotten U-boat war around the Welsh Coast 1914-18 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/commemorating-the-forgotten-u-boat-war-around-the-welsh-coast-1914-18-2/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/commemorating-the-forgotten-u-boat-war-around-the-welsh-coast-1914-18-2/#respond Wed, 13 Jun 2018 08:34:48 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=10876 Over the weekend of 22nd – 24th June, the Nautical Archaeology Society (NAS) will be running a maritime field school at the Red Wharf Bay Sailing & Water Sports Club on Traeth Bychan Beach, Anglesey.

The event forms part of a Heritage Lottery Funded project instigated by the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales (RCAHMW) to commemorate the centenary of the end of the First World War.

The field school is a FREE event, open to all and suitable for all ages, just come along and join in on the maritime activities taking place which include:

Over the course of the weekend (weather permitting), divers will be launching their boats to dive the wreck of the Cartagena, a steam trawler that was built during World War One to trawl for mines around the Welsh coast, but now lies in 37m of water, around 6-miles off Traeth Bychan.

Divers launching their boat prior to diving the wreck of the Cartagena - © Malvern Archaeological Diving Unit.

Divers launching their boat prior to diving the wreck of the Cartagena – © Malvern Archaeological Diving Unit.


As part of the project, Bangor University, School of Ocean Sciences have been recording World War One wreck sites around the Welsh coast from their survey vessel the Prince Madog, including the wreck of the Cartagena, and their results will be on display during the field school.

For further information regarding the field school, please contact the Nautical Archaeology Society:

Tel: 02392 818 419
E-mail:  nas@nauticalarchaeologysociety.org


Notes for Editors

The ‘U-Boat Project’ commemorates the Great War at Sea around the coast of Wales. It is a 2-year Heritage Lottery Funded partnership project led by the RCAHMW, with an overall value of £1M, which provides unprecedented access, for the first time in 100 years, to the remains of 17 wrecks on the seabed off the Welsh coast which are part of our Great War heritage, but which remain under-researched and under-valued.

  • A programme of marine geophysical survey undertaken by the Centre for Applied Marine Sciences, School of Ocean Sciences, Bangor University, during the spring and summer of 2018 will capture high resolution multi-beam data for the Project’s chosen 17 wrecks. Additional survey work, involving the Nautical Archaeology Society, will include the capture of underwater video footage on 5 of those wrecks, which will be combined into 3D inter-active digital models for use in the Project www site and a travelling exhibition.
  • The Project’s travelling exhibition will visit eighteen Welsh maritime museums from July 2018, before closing in December 2019.
  • Each of the museums hosting the travelling exhibition are delivering a programme of community engagement activities, where volunteers of all ages and backgrounds will engage with this heritage to explore, reveal and tell the stories of the people who served on the 17 vessels and those affected by loss and the impact of the war just off the Welsh coast.
  • The Project is a partnership between three organisations, the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales (Royal Commission), Bangor University and the Nautical Archaeology Society. The Royal Commission is the lead partner, at the centre of the network of museums and archives around the coast of Wales hosting the travelling exhibition, plus youth, service personnel, and social care charities.
  • Developments on the project may be followed here:

Twitter: https://twitter.com/LlongauUBoat
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/llongauUboat

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Royal Commission Archive & Library Bulletin of Newly Catalogued Material – May 2018 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/royal-commission-archive-library-bulletin-of-newly-catalogued-material-may-2018/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/royal-commission-archive-library-bulletin-of-newly-catalogued-material-may-2018/#respond Tue, 12 Jun 2018 09:29:55 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=10855 Welcome to the latest monthly edition of the National Monuments Record of Wales (NMRW) Archives and Library Bulletin which lists all newly catalogued material. The archival items, library books and journal articles are all available to view in our public reading room. The full archive catalogue is available on Coflein and contains digital copies of many of the items listed. All publications may be found on our online Library Catalogue.

Our Library and reading room is open:
Monday – Friday 09.30 – 16.00,
Wednesday 10.30 – 16.30.
An appointment is advisable.


St Deiniol's Church and Old Rectory (now Flintshire Archives) Hawarden, 2010 NPRN: 310514 C.906798 AP_2010_2101

St Deiniol’s Church and Old Rectory (now Flintshire Archives) Hawarden, 2010 NPRN: 310514 C.906798 AP_2010_2101


Bethesda Urban Characterisation Photographs: Ref. No. BUCP
Photographic survey of the Bethesda Urban area; commissioned by Gwynedd County Council and undertaken by Richard Hayman
Covering dates: 2017


Headland Archaeology Projects Archive

Archive records relating to

Industries of Wales: Ref. No. IOW
Collection of material, collated for a report assessing the engineering and architectural records relating to the industries of Wales; produced by Salvatore Garfi on behalf of RCAHMW
Covering dates: c.1992-1993

Investigators’ Digital Photography: Ref. No. DS2018_165-339
Digital photographs relating to various sites in Wales: new additions
Covering dates: 2015-2018

St David's College Garden, The Roderic Bowen Library and Archives, and Stephen's Castle, Lampeter in 2015. NPRN: 408669 C.637485 DS2018_278_002

St David’s College Garden, The Roderic Bowen Library and Archives, and Stephen’s Castle, Lampeter in 2015. NPRN: 408669 C.637485 DS2018_278_002


Islwyn Jones Chapels Collection
Black and white photographs relating to chapels and religious buildings in Wales
Covering dates: 1994-2000

Naomi Hughes Collection: Ref. No. NHC
Collection of black and white photographs relating to churches in Wales
Covering dates: 1995-1996

Mervyn Pritchard Collection: Ref. No. MP
Photographs and drawings and miscellaneous material relating to sites in Wales, produced or collected by Mervyn Pritchard, RCAHMW
Covering dates: c.1918-1922

RCAHMW Chapels Photographic Collection
Black and white photographs relating to non-conformist chapels in Wales: new additions
Covering dates: 1996-1997

Llyfrau ~  Books

St. Deiniol’s Library ~ Gladstone Library, Hawarden, 1984. NPRN: 23465 C.470249 DI2010_0497

St. Deiniol’s Library ~ Gladstone Library, Hawarden, 1984. NPRN: 23465 C.470249 DI2010_0497


Briggs, Asa. 1979. Iron Bridge to Crystal Palace: impact and images of the industrial revolution. Thames and Hudson [for] the Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust: London.

Buck, J. 1972. Discovering narrow gauge railways. Shire Publications: Aylesbury, [Eng.].

Burnsey, Peter & Allen, Rosalyn. 2018. The restoration of no. 6 Church Row Defynnog, Powys 2013-2017 and Notes on Church Row. Privately published.

Cossons, Neil. 1993. The BP book of industrial Archaeology. David & Charles: Newton Abbot.

Dibnah, Fred and Hall, David. 2003. Fred Dibnah’s age of steam. BBC Publications: London.

Hope-Simpson, Jacynth. 1978. The making of the machine age. William Heinemann Ltd.: London.

Jones, T. 1990[reprint]. Rhymney memories. National Library of Wales: Aberystwyth.

Martin, Colin. 2017. A Cromwellian warship wrecked off Duart Castle, Mull, Scotland, in 1653.  Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

Moore, D. 1981. Early views of towns in Wales and the border. National Library of Wales: Aberystwyth.

Oliver, R.C.B. 1987. The family history of Thomas Jones the artist of Pencerrig, Radnorshire. Sayce Brothers: Llandrindod Wells.

Overman, M. 1975. Man the bridge builder. Priory Press: London.

Perkins, D. 1974. Great little trains of Wales. Celtic Educational Services: [Swansea], Wales.

Rooksby, D.A. 1973. Narrow gauge railways of Wales. Jarrold and Sons Ltd.: Norwich.

Spence, J. 1975. Victorian & Edwardian railways from old photographs. B.T.Batsford Ltd.: London.

Wright, H.E. 1975. Welsh railways / Rheilffyrdd Cymru. James Pike Ltd.: St. Ives.


Cyfnodolion ~ Journals

Antiquity Vol. 92 (April 2018).

Current Archaeology Vol. 339 (June 2018).

Essex Historic Buildings Group Newsletter No. 4 (May 2018).

Melin, Journal of the Welsh Mills Society Vol. 33 (2017).

Planet: The Welsh Internationalist Vol. 230 (Summer 2018).

Railway and Canal Historical Society Bulletin No. 473 (May-June 2018).

Talyllyn News No. 257 (March 2018).

Vernacular Architecture Group Spring Conference 2018, North Wales, University of Bangor Ffriddoedd Campus.

Vernacular Architecture Society of South Africa: The historical context of the T-shaped house at Elandsberg in the Roggeveld 2017.

VASSA Journal: Vernacular Architecture Society of South Africa No. 33 (November 2017).

Welsh Historic Gardens Trust Bulletin Iss. 75 (Spring 2018).

Welsh Stone Forum No. 15 (March 2018).


Cylchgronau: gwasanaeth ymwybyddiaeth gyfredol ~ Journals: Current Awareness

Current Archaeology Vol. 339 (June 2018). The latest from the past: Revealing the archaeology of Ramsey Island, an update about the CHERISH Project.


Contact us

If you have any comments or enquiries, please feel free to contact us:

NMRW Library and Enquiries Service
Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales
Penglais Road
Ceredigion SY23 3BU

Telephone: +44 (0)1970 621200
Fax: +44 (0)1970 627701
Email: nmr.wales@rcahmw.gov.uk
Website: rcahmw.gov.uk

Croesewir gohebiaeth yn y Gymraeg a’r Saesneg | Correspondence welcomed in Welsh and English

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‘Deserved the Iron Cross’ – Tribute to Former captain of VANDALIA from German Submariners https://rcahmw.gov.uk/deserved-the-iron-cross-tribute-to-former-captain-of-vandalia-from-german-submariners/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/deserved-the-iron-cross-tribute-to-former-captain-of-vandalia-from-german-submariners/#respond Sat, 09 Jun 2018 08:00:42 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=10745 The VANDALIA was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-96 on 9 June 1918 about 18 miles WNW of the Smalls. At the time, it was owned by the famous Cunard Steamship Co Ltd, Liverpool. The VANDALIA was one of 20 ships lost by the company through enemy action, including their flagship the LUISITANIA on 7 May 1915 with the loss of 1198 lives.

Under the ship’s original name, ANGLO-CALIFORNIAN, it had been involved in a notable encounter with U-39 on 4 July 1915. Whilst enroute from Quebec to Avonmouth with a cargo of 927 packhorses for the Western Front, the submarine was spotted on the surface. The master, Frederick Parslow, ordered a SOS signal to be sent which was answered immediately by a British warship. This gave the Parslow hope that help was nearby and he continued to steam at full-speed trying to outrun the submarine.

The ship was then chased for half an hour with the U-boat gaining steadily and then, for an hour and a half, the U-boat fired at the ship as the ANGLO-CALIFORNIAN steered a zig-zag course. The British vessel was unarmed and frequently hit.

Eventually Captain Parslow decided to obey the U-boat’s signal to abandon ship to save lives from being lost. The ship’s engines were stopped and lifeboats lowered.  The submarine ceased firing and closed in. At that moment, the armed ship PRINCESS ENA, which had slowly been overhauling the submarine, opened fire at 9,000 yards. The shot fell short and did not deter the submarine’s crew from opening fire at close range on the ANGLO CALIFORNIAN’s bridge and boats.

During this last attack, Captain Parslow was killed on the bridge. Stepping in to take the master’s place, the Chief Officer again ordered the ship to be abandoned. The remaining boats were manned and lowered just as the destroyers MENTOR and MIRANDA arrived. The U-39 made its escape.


This drawing by Charles Pears appeared in the New York Times Midweek Pictorial on 12 August 1915. It shows the son of Captain Parslow continuing to steer the vessel whilst under fire from the U35. The son’s name was also Frederick Parslow. He also later received a Distinguished Service Medal.  Tragically Frederick Parslow, the son, was the master of the Anglo-Australian in March 1938, when it vanished without trace enroute to Vancouver from Cardiff.

(source:  https://www.periodpaper.com/products/1915-rotogravure-wwi-charles-pears-anglo-californian-ship-captain-parslow-yny2-239168-yny2-042 )


Amongst the other officers showing remarkable bravery were the son of the master (the first mate), who had remained on the bridge with his father throughout, steering the ship. The wireless telegraph operator had also stayed at his post, accurately sending and receiving messages. A veterinary surgeon (F Neal), who was in charge of the horses on board, not only rendered aid to the animals but also assisted wounded crewmembers.

The ship was taken into Queenstown, now Cobh, where Frederick Parslow and 8 of his men are buried in the Old Church cemetery. Fourteen mariners, without a grave, are named on the Tower Hill, London, memorial to the merchant marine. The nationalities represented amongst the dead include British, Canadian, American, Russian and Finnish.

To recognise the gallantry of Frederick Parslow, he was made a Lieutenants in the Royal Naval Reserve in May 1919, which allowed him to be awarded the Victoria Cross. Parslow also received the Lloyd’s Medal. In addition, a cheque for £250 was awarded to the ANGLO-CALIFORNIAN by Lloyd’s as an honorary acknowledgement of gallant conduct. The Chief Engineer, James Crawford, was awarded a Distinguished Service Medal

It was later reported in The Cambrian Leader on 5 July 1915, that the New York American newspaper had featured an article in which the crew of the U-39 are stated as having agreed that the ANGLO CALIFORNIAN’s captain ought to have received the Iron Cross, a German medal.

The ANGLO-CALIFORNIAN was subsequently sold to Cunard Steamship Co Ltd in 1916 and its name was changed to VANDALIA. Thereafter it was managed by Lawther, Latta & Co of London. In the torpedoing of the ship by U-96 in June 1918, there were no casualties. The vessel took two hours to sink and hence the crew were able to make good their escape.


Frederick Daniel Parslow was born in Islington, London, on 14 January 1856. He followed his father into the merchant marine and gained his master’s certificate in 1882. He was appointed to be master of the ANGLO CALIFORNIAN in 1912.




Notification of the award of the Victoria Cross to Frederick Parslow appeared in The London Gazette on 23 May 1919. Overleaf, the notification ends with the paragraph ‘Throughout the attack Lieutenant Parslow remained on the bridge, on which the enemy fire was concentrated, entirely without protection, and by his magnificent heroism succeeded, at the cost of his own life, in saving a valuable ship and cargo for the country. He set a splendid example to the officers and men of the Mercantile Marine.’

(Source: https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/31354/supplement/6445)


Sources include:

The Cambrian Daily leader, 5th July 1915 http://newspapers.library.wales/view/4099557/4099558/11/

The Cambrian Daily Leader, 10 August 1915 http://newspapers.library.wales/view/4099794/4099796/48/

Herald of Wales and Monmouthshire Recorder, 10 July 1915 http://newspapers.library.wales/view/4114716/4114720/64/

South Wales Weekly Post, 11th September 1915 http://newspapers.library.wales/view/4092557/4092565/165/


Commemorating the Forgotten U-boat War around the Welsh Coast 1914-18: Exploration, Access and Outreach is a collaborative partnership project between the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of WalesSchool of Ocean Sciences at Bangor University, and the Nautical Archaeology Society.

For further information please contact: UBoat@rcahmw.gov.uk  Or follow us on Facebook&Twitter under our handle @llongauUboat.

Coming soon our project www sitehttp://uboatproject.wales

The project is funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund. We take this opportunity to thank National Lottery players who allow the Fund to invest money to help people across the UK explore, enjoy and protect the heritage they care about. www.hlf.org.uk.  Follow the Heritage Lottery Fund on TwitterFacebook and Instagram

Geoffrey Hickling and Deanna Groom, RCAHMW

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General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) https://rcahmw.gov.uk/general-data-protection-regulation-gdpr/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/general-data-protection-regulation-gdpr/#respond Mon, 04 Jun 2018 14:35:57 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=10637  

On 25th May 2018 the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into effect in the UK. This replaces the Data Protection Act 1998, and improves the protection of personal data, enhancing the duties of those controlling and processing it.

It sets out more clearly the rights of the data subject (i.e. the person to whom the data refers) and places responsibility on the organisation controlling personal data to state plainly why, how, where, and for how long the data is processed. In addition, data controllers must now establish their legal basis for collecting and processing personal data.

RCAHMW is committed to following good practice in the use of personal data, and to protecting data subjects’ rights. To ensure compliance with GDPR, we have updated our Data Protection Policy, and produced a public Privacy Notice, which sets out the types of personal data that we control and process, why we need this, what we do with it, and how long we keep it. It also makes clear data subjects’ rights, and who to contact in the event of personal data enquiries or complaints.

RCAHMW Privacy Notice



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