CBHC / RCAHMW https://rcahmw.gov.uk On the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales Thu, 16 Aug 2018 14:27:38 +0000 en-GB hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.9.8 Cardiff Bay: A Constantly Changing Environment, Part II https://rcahmw.gov.uk/cardiff-bay-a-constantly-changing-environment-part-ii/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/cardiff-bay-a-constantly-changing-environment-part-ii/#respond Fri, 10 Aug 2018 10:39:34 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=11635  

Earlier this week, a blogpost discussed how the constantly changing buildings of Butetown tell the story of the Bay across the nineteenth century. This evolution continued into the twentieth century, as the decline of the coal industry prompted further transformations.


In the 1980s, an award-winning conversion transformed this warehouse into an office building.


Much of the industrial environment has disappeared ­– the Glamorganshire Canal is a park, the Bute West Dock was filled in 1964, and its basin is Roald Dahl Plass ­– but some structures have endured with new purpose. The Bute East Dock is Atlantic Wharf, an award-winning conversion transforming the warehouse at its head into offices. The Spillers and Baker Factory has become flats while the London and North Western Railway Warehouse is a hotel. Cory’s Building on Bute Street and the neighbouring building on Bute Place are being converted into luxury apartments, while the Coal Exchange is a hotel.


The Norwegian Church in its present location in 2008.


Some buildings also have new locations. The Norwegian Church, originally at the south-east corner of the Bute West Dock, was re-erected on its present site in 1982. Others have made shorter journeys. The Customs and Excise Building was moved some fifty metres backwards in 1992.


The Customs and Excise Office was moved around fifty metres backwards to accommodate the new promenade.


Other buildings haven’t survived. The site of Merthyr House at the corner of James and Evelyn streets stands empty. Damaged by fire in 1947, its northern section was never rebuilt. Gloucester Chambers at the south-east corner of Mount Stuart Square was demolished after the blizzard of 1982. At the south-west of the square the Bethel English Baptist Chapel, which was the Casablanca nightclub from 1965, is now a car park. Some buildings have made way for new development. In 1993, buildings on Bute Place, Bute Street, and Bute Crescent, including the Grade II-listed Mount Stuart Hotel, were demolished during the construction of the Butetown Link Road.  The Welsh Industrial and Maritime Museum enjoyed only a short existence in Cardiff Bay (1977-1998), replaced by the shops and restaurants of Mermaid Quay.


Taken in 1995, this image shows how much Cardiff Bay has changed in just a short time.


These changes highlight the importance of the Royal Commission’s role. By the time the Commission was established in 1908, many structures of historical interest had been built and replaced, the early Commission’s focus on pre-eighteenth-century sites notwithstanding. However, following concerns over the loss of buildings in the Second World War, our remit was expanded to include later buildings, particularly endangered sites. Our archives hold hundreds of images and records of Cardiff Bay’s now-lost structures, an enduring record of Cardiff and Wales’s rich maritime history.


Cardiff Bay in 2012.


Gallery: Recently Enhanced – Cardiff Bay, Summer 2018

Further Reading:

David Hilling, ‘Through Tiger Bay to Cardiff Bay – Changing Waterfront Environment’, Transaction of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion (1990), 173–191.

Glamorgan Archives have written a number of excellent blogposts featuring many sites from throughout Cardiff Bay and wider Cardiff. Their website can be found here.


Adam N. Coward

https://rcahmw.gov.uk/cardiff-bay-a-constantly-changing-environment-part-ii/feed/ 0
Discover Dinas Dinlle Hillfort near Caernarfon: a guided walk led by CHERISH archaeologists and geographers https://rcahmw.gov.uk/discover-dinas-dinlle-hillfort-near-caernarfon-a-guided-walk-led-by-cherish-archaeologists-and-geographers/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/discover-dinas-dinlle-hillfort-near-caernarfon-a-guided-walk-led-by-cherish-archaeologists-and-geographers/#respond Thu, 09 Aug 2018 09:12:46 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=11616  

Learn about the history, legends and landscape of this special place, and hear about the latest research undertaken to investigate the impact of climate change on this iconic National Trust monument.


Wednesday 22 August 2018 

10am: Family-friendly shorter walk, suitable for younger explorers!

2pm: Full walk


Location: LL54 5TW (SH 4370 5635)

Duration: Up to 2 hours

Distance:  1 mile

Terrain: Mixed with some steep climbs and descents.


This event is free of charge and will be delivered in English. Numbers are limited so booking is essential.  For more information and to book, contact: Rhian Davies 01970 621231 or email Cherish@rcahmw.gov.uk


https://rcahmw.gov.uk/discover-dinas-dinlle-hillfort-near-caernarfon-a-guided-walk-led-by-cherish-archaeologists-and-geographers/feed/ 0
Appointment of a Chair (Welsh Essential) and Commissioners (Two Posts) https://rcahmw.gov.uk/appointment-of-a-chair-welsh-essential-and-commissioners-two-posts/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/appointment-of-a-chair-welsh-essential-and-commissioners-two-posts/#respond Wed, 08 Aug 2018 09:39:38 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=11557






Chair: £256 per day (plus T&S) for a time commitment of around 15 days a year
Commissioners: £198 per day (plus T&S) for a time commitment of around 10 days a year.

Can you help us to deliver the best possible historic environment services for the people of Wales?

The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales is the unique, independent national archive and investigation service for Wales, dedicated to the authoritative recording and interpretation of our rich historic environment. Located within the National Library of Wales building in Aberystwyth, we operate at arm’s length from the Welsh Government, with skilled staff providing professional advice and expert information to the public. We’re committed to delivering the best possible historic environment service for Wales, fostering greater understanding and care for our historic buildings and landscapes, and recognising the potential for heritage to help improve people’s lives.

Building on our recent successes and achievements, we’re looking for people to join our Board of Commissioners who are prepared to help direct, challenge and constructively review our work. We’re committed to strengthening and diversifying our board, and so are looking for a Chair and two new Commissioners who have significant experience or expertise at a senior and/or strategic level in one of these areas:

  1. Chair: The Chair is the guardian on behalf of the Crown of the spirit of the Royal Commission and ensures that the Commission’s activity conforms to the duties enshrined in the Royal Warrant under which it is constituted. We wish to recruit a Chair who can provide strategic guidance and build positive relationships with a wide range of stakeholders.
  2. Twentieth-century architecture: We wish to recruit a Commissioner with a firm understanding of buildings and constructional techniques of the period and with the strategic vision to help us prioritise our work and advise the Commission on the potential significance of building types, individual buildings and planned townscapes.
  3. Maritime heritage: We wish to recruit a Commissioner with experience in this field to advise the Commission on strategic priorities to ensure that the significance of Wales’s maritime heritage is understood, promoted, and given adequate protection.

The closing date for receipt of applications is 16 September 2018. Application forms received after this date will not be considered. It is expected to hold interviews on 26 November for Chair and the 27/28 November for Commissioners.

For further details and to apply go to http://wales.gov.uk/publicappointments or for queries email publicappointments@gov.wales

https://rcahmw.gov.uk/appointment-of-a-chair-welsh-essential-and-commissioners-two-posts/feed/ 0
Cardiff Bay: A Constantly Changing Environment, Part I https://rcahmw.gov.uk/cardiff-bay-a-constantly-changing-environment-part-i/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/cardiff-bay-a-constantly-changing-environment-part-i/#respond Mon, 06 Aug 2018 09:30:25 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=11473 Cardiff Bay’s instantly recognisable waterfront, with the deep red Pierhead Building surrounded by the curving lines and sharp angles of its more recent neighbours, is part of a diverse built environment which has constantly evolved over almost two centuries. Buildings across Butetown tell the story of this evolution: from the humble architecture of the Bute Dock Hotel to the grand high-Victorian Coal Exchange and the elegantly modern Senedd Building.


The northern end of Bute East Dock, now Atlantic Wharf, in 1921.


Before the nineteenth century Cardiff’s maritime industry operated from the city quay located near the intersection of Quay and Westgate streets. With the increased industrialisation of the Taff and Rhondda valleys and the building of canals and later railways linking them with Cardiff, the muddy flats south of the town offered new opportunities. The Bute (West) Dock was opened in 1839, followed in the Bute East Dock in 1855–9, the Roath Dock in 1887, and the Queen Alexandra Dock in 1907.


The Bute Dock Hotel, opened in 1839, still represents the last of its kind.


Butetown was more than just an industrial area. The Bute Estate envisaged residential and commercial quarters alongside the docks and warehouses. Public houses sprung up, with the Bute Dock Hotel, opened the same year as the dock, still representing the last of its kind. Mount Stuart Square shows both the intention and evolution of the area. Built in 1858 by the Bute Estate as housing for skilled workers on the site of a glassworks, the square’s dwellings surrounded a green space. Examples of the original architecture can still be seen in numbers 6–9 on the eastern side and numbers 20–23 in the south-west corner. As Cardiff prospered those living in the square left for the suburbs and the houses were replaced from the 1880s by the richly-ornamented buildings and Coal Exchange still there today.


With its c.1858 upper storeys and 1889 ground floor, Perch Buildings shows the evolution of Mount Stuart Square.


These late Victorian structures still stand as testaments to the wealth of Cardiff Bay. On Bute Street the ornate Midland Bank building was constructed in 1874 for the coal owners and exporters the Cory Brothers.  A  little over a decade later, the company moved its offices to new purpose-built premises: the Cory’s Building on the opposite corner!


The Cory Brothers built Cory’s Building in 1889, moving from a building on the opposite corner.


Unfortunately, buildings showing how the other half lived have largely been lost following widespread demolition of Tiger Bay’s humbler residential areas from the 1960s. They were not the only victim of the wrecking ball, however, as this constantly changing built landscape entered yet another period of drastic transformation which will be discussed in our next blogpost later this week.


Cardiff Bay in 1937.


Gallery: Recently Enhanced – Cardiff Bay, Summer 2018


Further Reading:

David Hilling, ‘Through Tiger Bay to Cardiff Bay – Changing Waterfront Environment’, Transaction of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion (1990), 173–191.

Glamorgan Archives have written a number of excellent blogposts featuring many sites from throughout Cardiff Bay and wider Cardiff. Their website can be found here.


Adam N. Coward

https://rcahmw.gov.uk/cardiff-bay-a-constantly-changing-environment-part-i/feed/ 0
Bulletin of Newly Catalogued Material – July 2018 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/royal-commission-archive-library-bulletin-of-newly-catalogued-material-july-2018/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/royal-commission-archive-library-bulletin-of-newly-catalogued-material-july-2018/#respond Tue, 31 Jul 2018 16:07:12 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=11371 Welcome to the latest monthly edition of the National Monuments Record of Wales (NMRW) Archives and Library Bulletin which lists all newly catalogued material. The archival items, library books and journal articles are all available to view in our public reading room. The full archive catalogue is available on Coflein and contains digital copies of many of the items listed. All publications may be found on our online Library Catalogue.

Our Library and reading room is open:
Monday – Friday 09.30 – 16.00,
Wednesday 10.30 – 16.30.
An appointment is advisable.


RCAHMW colour oblique photograph of Cardiff Bay looking towards Mermaid Quay, 2012 Ref. No. AP_2012_2101 C.916374 NPRN: 422952


ArchaeoDomus Archaeological and Heritage Services Collection: Ref. No. ADAHS

Digital surveys of various buildings and sites in Wales

Covering dates: 2015-2018


Archaeological Perspectives Analysis Consultancy (A.P.A.C. Ltd)

Digital records relating to archaeological investigations at:


Archaeological Reports/Evaluations (non Trust)

Project archive relating to:


Border Archaeology Survey Archives

Archaeological Reports relating to:


 Cadw Slide Collection: Ref. No. CS

Collection of slides and related registers produced or collected by Cadw/Welsh Office over a number of years. The images show archaeological sites and buildings throughout Wales and also some sites in Ireland.

Covering dates: 1960-2010


Emergency Recording Collection

Material, received as part of the planning process, relating to:


European Travellers in Wales Project

Material relating to the project, comprising:

  • Short film focusing on French and German travellers to the industrial town of Merthyr Tydfil in the mid-nineteenth century, and their descriptions of the town, 2018: Ref. No. ETW_MT
  • Images of Conwy Suspension Bridge, 2017: Ref. No. ETW_CSG
  • Images of Menai Suspension Bridge, 2017: Ref. No. ETW_MBG
  • Images of Parys Mountain Windmill, 2017: Ref. No. ETW_PMG
  • Images of Castle Hill, Tenby, 2017: Ref. No. ETW_TG

Wales Millennium Centre and Pierhead Building Cardiff, 2006 Ref. No. DS2006_104_002 C.524373 NPRN: 403908

Investigators’ Digital Photography

Photographic surveys relating to:


Paul Courtney Excavation Records: Ref. No. PCER

Excavation records relating to Tintern and Usk (and other sites) comprising notes, site drawings and slides

Covering dates: 1970s


Paul R. Davis Collection: PRD_02

Colour aerial photographs relating to various sites in Wales

Covering dates: 2018


Ordnance Survey Vertical Aerial Photography Collection: Large Pnrint Collection

Comprising black and white enlargements (c.20″) taken from 9″ film rolls. Filed in alphabetical order according to featured town, community or feature

Covering dates: 1963-1997



RCAHMW Colour Oblique Digital Aerial Photographs

Oblique aerial photographs showing:


RCAHMW Montgomeryshire Canal Publication Collection: Ref. No. AMC03

Material, produced by Manpower Services Commission Project in conjunction with the RCAHMW and Montgomeryshire District Council, relating to a project to record various structures on the line of the Montgomeryshire Canal

Covering dates: 1970-1988


Swansea to Abergavenny Electricity Transmission Line Collection

Part of a survey from a project commissioned by the National Coal Board, and undertaken by Fairey Surveys Ltd.

Covering dates: 1968


Tucker Collection: Ref. No. DGT

Collection of notes, slides, maps, drawings, extracts, deeds, papers, articles and transcripts, all collected or produced by former Royal Commissioner D. G. Tucker and his wife, Mary. Records include material relating to the Pembrokeshire Slate Industry, Cardiganshire Mines, Teme Mills, Radnorshire Mills, Druid’s Inn, and a box of miscellaneous material on various sites and topics

Covering dates: 1970-1997




Ashton, Owen R. 1980 reprint. A short history of Builth Wells: from Medieval to Modern times. Wyeside Arts Centre: Builth Wells.

Evans, R.M. 1972. Children in the iron industry 1840 – 42. National Museum of Wales: Cardiff.

Evans, Tony. 1974. Tin workers. Tony Evans: Llanelli.

Llangollen Urban District Council. [1970?]. Lovely Llangollen: The scenic gem of North Wales: the official guide. Llangollen Urban District Council: Llangollen.

Keating, M. Honora. 1965. Plas -yn- Rhiw. Gwenlyn Evans: Caernarvon.

Miles, John; Thomas, Keri & Watkins, Tudor. 2017. The Swansea Vale Railway: a Midland railway outpost. Lightmoor Press: Lydney.

Postles, Dave. 2017. The north through its names: a phenomenology of Medieval and early-modern northern England. Oxbow Books: Oxford.

Purchon, W.S and Bartlett, C.J. 1932. A small town house of the Georgian period in Wales: no. 6, Working Street, Cardiff. Cardiff: National Museum of Wales.

Sampson, Aylwin. 1972. Llanbedr Pont Steffan = Lampeter. Cymdeithas Lyfrau Ceredigion: Aberystwyth.

Sampson, Aylwin. 1972. Aberteifi = Cardigan. Cymdeithas Lyfrau Ceredigion: Aberystwyth.

Seaborne, Malcolm. 1998. A guide to the stained glass in St. Asaph Cathedral. Dean and Chapter of St. Asaph Cathedral: St. Asaph.

Simpson, Anne Turner and Stevenson, Sylvia [Eds.]. 1980. Town houses and structures in Medieval Scotland: a seminar. University of Glasgow Dept. of Archaeology: Glasgow.

Thomas, W. Gerwyn. 1979. Welsh coal mines. National Museum of Wales: Cardiff.

White, Richard. 1987. Caerleon: Roman Fortress. Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments: Cardiff.

White, Richard. 1988. St. Davids. Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments: Cardiff.

William, Eurwyn. 1973. Adeiladau fferm traddodiadol yng Nghymru. National Museum of Wales. Cardiff.

Young, Norman R. [Ed.] 1971. What you will see in the Vale of Rheidol: Britain’s first railway nature trail. West Wales Naturalist’s Trust Limited: Aberystwyth.



Archaeology in Wales Volume 56 (2017).

Cartographic Journal Volume 55 No. 2 (May 2018).

 Current Archaeology Issue 341 (August 2018).

 The Georgian: Magazine of the Georgian Group Issue 1 (2018).

The Georgian Group Journal Volume 26 (2018).

Journal of the Railway and Canal Historical Society No. 232, Volume 39, Part 5 (July 2018).

Llafur: Journal of Welsh People’s History Volume 12, No. 2 (2017).

Maplines Volume 32, Issue 1 (Spring 2018).

Past: the Newsletter of the Prehistoric Society Volume 89 (Summer 2018).

Railway and Canal Historical Society Bulletin No. 474 (July 2018).

Tools and Trades History Society Newsletter Volume 140 (Trinity 2018).

Touchstone: the magazine for architecture in Wales Volumes 01-09, 16-18.

Trafodion Cymdeithas Hanes Sir Ddinbych / Denbighshire Historical Society Transactions Volume 66 (2018).

The Victorian Volume 58 (July 2018).

Victorian Society: News (July 2018).

Cymdeithas Melinau Cymru / Welsh Mills Society Newsletter, Number 132 (July 2018).

Welsh Railways Archive, Journal of the Welsh Railways Research Circle Volume 6, No. 7 (May 2018).

Welsh Railways Research Circle Newsletter No. 155 (Summer 2018).

 Journals: Current Awareness

The Georgian: Magazine of the Georgian Group Iss. 1 (2018) pp.12-25 Casework: Capel y Babell, Cwmfelinfach; The Guildhall, Carmarthen; Neuadd Fawr, Cil y Cwm; Plas Hafod Hotel, Gwernmynydd; Plas Ty Coch, Caernarfon; Glynllifon, Llandwrog; Caerwent House, Caerwent; Gwentlands, Chepstow; 25 St James’ Square, Monmouth; Threshing Barn, Llandewi Velfrey; Alleston Farm, Pembroke; Former Bull’s Head Inn, Brecon; Peace Cottage, Evancoyd; Ystrad House, Knighton. PP.38-42, ‘Naval architecture in the eighteenth century’, Charlotte Ward.

Journal of the Railway and Canal Historical Society No. 232, Volume 39, Part 5 (July 2018), pp.293-305 article by Stephen Rowson, ‘Low Water Pier 1870-c1890: an overlooked railway station at Cardiff’

Victorian Society: News (July 2018), p.3 concern voiced that Pembroke Dock Defensible Barracks are up for sale.

Cardiff Bay Barrage, 1998 Ref. No. GTJ28568 C.61208 NPRN: 305755

Contact us

If you have any comments or enquiries, please feel free to contact us:

NMRW Library and Enquiries Service
Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales
Penglais Road
Ceredigion SY23 3BU

Telephone: +44 (0)1970 621200
Fax: +44 (0)1970 627701
Email: nmr.wales@rcahmw.gov.uk
Website: rcahmw.gov.uk

Croesewir gohebiaeth yn y Gymraeg a’r Saesneg | Correspondence welcomed in Welsh and English

https://rcahmw.gov.uk/royal-commission-archive-library-bulletin-of-newly-catalogued-material-july-2018/feed/ 0