CBHC / RCAHMW https://rcahmw.gov.uk On the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales Wed, 28 Sep 2022 10:12:02 +0000 en-GB hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=6.0.2 World Maritime Day 2022 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/world-maritime-day-2022/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/world-maritime-day-2022/#respond Thu, 29 Sep 2022 08:00:00 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=25044 September 29th is the International Maritime Organisation’s (IMO) ‘World Maritime Day’. In 2022 the IMO’s chosen theme is “New Technologies for Greener Shipping” as a means to encourage the adoption of greener technology within the global shipping industry. Such innovation ranges from the seemingly obvious, like fitting solar panels to the decks of cargo ships, to more complex, like using artificial intelligence to optimise the trim of a cargo ship (how it sits in the water).

There is a certain irony in this, given that the propulsion of ships, especially cargo ships, has moved from being what we would now term ‘Green’ or ‘Environmentally Friendly’ to being highly carbon intensive. The medium and long-distance cargo vessels of the pre-industrial world, and even for much of the 19th century, were powered by the wind in their sails, leaving little in the way of carbon emissions or air pollution. A return to the days of sail-powered cargo is often seen as a romantic fantasy or a technological impossibility. But organisations like Eco Clipper are seeking to turn this aspiration into reality with a combination of modern technology and traditional knowledge.

The four-masted sailing ships Pamir and Passat, two of the great ships from the end of the age of sail, moored at Penarth Docks.

We should also remember that until relatively recently much local freight within the UK was carried by water. An armada of small sailing vessels, latterly often fitted with an auxiliary engine, transported goods around the coast and up and down rivers. Such ships were as ubiquitous in the 19th and early 20th century as the freight-carrying lorries and vans on our roads today. The archaeological remains of these coastal trading vessels form a significant element of the National Monuments of Wales, and include examples that have been granted the status of Scheduled Monument – such as the three located in the Dyfi at the Ynyslas National Nature Reserve.

Ynyslas Shipwreck A (NPRN506769), photographed using a DJI Mini2 drone, on 12 September 2022.

These vessels once plied the waters of the Dyfi Estuary and the surrounding coastlines carrying goods, transporting people, and providing connections between places at a time when travel by land was still slower and more expensive. The ongoing survey work undertaken by the Royal Commission has included visiting these ships with Cadw, as part of their scheduled monument monitoring programme. This has enabled the creation of a 3D record of the most exposed of the three ships, to add to similar survey undertaken in 2015 and 2017 by Dyfed Archaeological Trust. You can explore the resulting 3D model here: https://skfb.ly/oyrCZ

Of course, all ships need shoreside infrastructure to help them unload cargo, or to enable the processing of that cargo. Our modern ports, like the oil and gas terminals of Milford Haven, are large scale examples of these. But all around our coast are the archaeological remains of smaller-scale coastal infrastructure that served ships such as those from Ynyslas. Amongst the most common of these in the NMRW are coastal limekilns, especially along the shores of west Wales. These structures are to be found in almost every cove or inlet, and are the physical reminders of the ships that once served them. Like the wrecks at Ynyslas, work by the Royal Commission to record these structures for posterity also allows them to be explored in digital form. One such example is the lime kiln at Cwmtydu in Ceredigion, a link for which is here: https://skfb.ly/oxv8t

Aerial view of Cwmtydu, Ceredigion, with the lime kiln visible at the centre of the cove, just inland from the modern car park.

The ever-growing focus on the need to adopt renewable forms of energy, aspirations for net-zero, and ever more viable projects to reintroduce sail-powered cargo, open up exciting possibilities. It is perhaps not too far-fetched to look ahead to a time when wind-driven coastal vessels, perhaps with an auxiliary electric engine to ensure reliability, once again provide a silent, pollution free means to convey cargoes along coasts and up rivers. The resulting reduction in road traffic with reinvestment in smaller coastal infrastructure would be further benefits. Perhaps the IMOs ‘new technologies’, certainly in a maritime sense, have been here all along, slightly forgotten, and waiting for a reboot for the 21st century.

Dr Julian Whitewright, Senior Investigator (Maritime)

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Royal Commission Archive & Library Bulletin of Newly Catalogued Material – August 2022 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/royal-commission-archive-library-bulletin-of-newly-catalogued-material-august-2022/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/royal-commission-archive-library-bulletin-of-newly-catalogued-material-august-2022/#respond Wed, 21 Sep 2022 13:06:09 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=24999 Welcome to the latest monthly edition of the National Monuments Record of Wales (NMRW) Archives and Library Bulletin which lists all newly catalogued material. The archival items, library books and journal articles are all available to view in our public reading room. The full archive catalogue is available on Coflein and contains digital copies of many of the items listed. All publications may be found on our online Library Catalogue.

Our Library and reading room is open:
We are open Monday, Tuesday and Thursday 9:30 – 16:00, Wednesday 10:30-16:30
An appointment is advisable.

Archives

Archive items have been added to the following collections in the past month:

Many of these items are hard copy, including large scale plans, photographs and reports, and are available to view in our searchroom in Aberystwyth; others are digital and can be viewed on our online catalogue Coflein.

Now catalogued and available on Coflein:

Photograph from a survey of the wreck of the paddle steamer ALBION, which lies partially submerged on the beach at Albion Sands, Pembrokeshire. Taken by Hannah Genders Boyd. The wreck has been monitored by the RCAHMW on a regular basis since 2017 as part of the CHERISH project.
Photograph from a survey of the wreck of the paddle steamer ALBION, which lies partially submerged on the beach at Albion Sands, Pembrokeshire. Taken by Hannah Genders Boyd. The wreck has been monitored by the RCAHMW on a regular basis since 2017 as part of the CHERISH project.
Aerial photograph showing view of the dam at Llys y Fran Reservoir, Pembrokeshire, under drought conditions. Taken during the Royal Commission’s programme of archaeological aerial reconnaissance by Toby Driver on 19 August 2022.
Aerial photograph showing view of the dam at Llys y Fran Reservoir, Pembrokeshire, under drought conditions. Taken during the Royal Commission’s programme of archaeological aerial reconnaissance by Toby Driver on 19 August 2022.
Digital colour photograph from a survey of four surviving promenade shelters between Rhos-on-Sea and Colwyn Bay. The Modernist style shelters, built c.1969, were part of the post-war optimism in the return of the seaside holiday and the accompanying spending that was taking place in updating the facilities at resorts such as Rhos and Colwyn Bay.
Digital colour photograph from a survey of four surviving promenade shelters between Rhos-on-Sea and Colwyn Bay. The Modernist style shelters, built c.1969, were part of the post-war optimism in the return of the seaside holiday and the accompanying spending that was taking place in updating the facilities at resorts such as Rhos and Colwyn Bay.
Digital image from an UAV survey of Dobby's Grave looking north-east across Freshwater West beach. The low cairn constructed of beach pebbles, commemorates the fictional character ‘Dobby the Elf’, whose death scene and burial was filmed at Freshwater West for the film ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1’. The cairn has become a place of peaceful contemplation for many of its visitors.
Digital image from an UAV survey of Dobby’s Grave looking north-east across Freshwater West beach. The low cairn constructed of beach pebbles, commemorates the fictional character ‘Dobby the Elf’, whose death scene and burial was filmed at Freshwater West for the film ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1’. The cairn has become a place of peaceful contemplation for many of its visitors.

Books

All our books and journals can be found on the Royal Commission’s Library Catalogue and viewed in our Library and Search Room.

  • How, Chris. 2022. Historic French Nails, Screws and Fixings: Tools and Techniques. England: Tools and Trades History Society.
  • Lewis, David. 2022. The Rhys, Rice and Dinefwr families of Dinefwr Castle and Newton House. Carmarthenshire: T R Lewis.
  • Stifter, David. 2022. Ogam: language, writing, epigaraphy. Zaragoza: Prensas Universitarias de Zaragoza.

Journals

  • The Antiquaries Journal Volume 101 (2021).
  • Antiquity Volume 96 (Numbers 385-388, February – August 2022).
  • Architects’ Journal Volumes 249 (Part 07, 14/07/2022 and Part 08, 25/08/2022).
  • Architects’ Journal Specification Volumes July (2022) and August (2022).
  • Archive: The Quarterly Journal for British Industrial and Transport History Volume 115 (September 2022).
  • British Archaeology Volume 186 (September/October 2022).
  • C20 Volume 1 (2022).
  • Chapels Society Newsletter Volume 81 (August 2022).
  • Domestic Buildings Research Group News Volume 151 (June 2022).
  • Essex Historic Buildings Group Newsletter Volume 6 (September 2022).
  • Heritage Now: The Magazine of Historic Buildings & Places Volume 2 (Summer 2022).
  • Historic Churches Volume 29 (2022).
  • Maplines: The Magazine of The British Cartographic Society (Summer 2022).
  • Past: The Newsletter of the Prehistoric Society Volume 101 (Summer 2022).
  • Railway and Canal Historical Society Bulletin Volume 498 (July 2022).
  • Railway and Canal Historical Society Journal Volume 244 (July 2022).
  • The Railway Magazine Volumes 1426 January – 1437 December (2020).
  • Sheetlines Volume 124 (Summer 2022).
  • Talyllyn News Volumes 265 March – 274 June.
  • Tijdschrift van de Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed Volume 3 (2022).
  • Tools and Trades Volume 152 (Summer 2022).
  • Vernacular Architecture Group Newsletter Volume 83 (July 2022).
  • The Welsh History Review – Cylchgrawn Hanes Cymru Volume 31 (June 2022).
  • Welsh Mills Society Newsletter Volume 148 (July 2022).
  • Welsh Railways Archive Volume VII, No. 5 (May 2022).
  • Welsh Railways Research Circle Newsletter Volume 170 (Summer 2022).

Journals: Current Awareness

  • C20 Volume 1 (2022) p. 14 C20 Cymru chair Susan Fielding charts a year of Welsh heritage campaigns; In brief News from Wales; p. 44 Senedd building needs listing.
  • Past: the newsletter of the Prehistoric Society Volume 100 (Spring 2022) p.14-15, Examining Neolithic mortuary treatment in caves: Ogof Colomendy, North Wales, Eirini Konstantinidi.
  • Railway & Canal Historical Society Journal Volume 40 (Part 8, No. 244, July 2022), p.461, Before the railways: the early steamers of Cardiganshire, M R Cannop Price.

Contact us

If you have any comments or enquiries, please feel free to contact us:

NMRW Library and Enquiries Service
Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales
Penglais Road
Aberystwyth
Ceredigion SY23 3BU

Telephone: +44 (0)1970 621200
Email: nmr.wales@rcahmw.gov.uk
Website: rcahmw.gov.uk

Croesewir gohebiaeth yn y Gymraeg a’r Saesneg | Correspondence welcomed in Welsh and English

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Congratulations to our Deep-Mapping Experts https://rcahmw.gov.uk/congratulations-to-our-deep-mapping-experts/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/congratulations-to-our-deep-mapping-experts/#respond Thu, 15 Sep 2022 13:53:31 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=24967 Congratulations to the Deep Mapping Estate Archives project on winning this years Ordnance Survey Award at the British Cartographic Society Conference. Their Historic Ordnance Survey Mapping (1869–1874) won the award which recognises excellence in cartographic design and the innovative and exciting application of Ordnance Survey data.

Congratulations to our Deep-Mapping Experts

You can view the web map here: https://rcahmw.maps.arcgis.com/apps/webappviewer/index.html?id=ef2ca7073a624707b03cce83a769f7a9

A special thanks and congratulations to our own Jon Dollery and Scott Lloyd for all their amazing hard work on the project. We are very proud of them both.

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Open Doors 2022: Explore Wales’s Built Heritage https://rcahmw.gov.uk/open-doors-2022-explore-waless-built-heritage/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/open-doors-2022-explore-waless-built-heritage/#respond Tue, 13 Sep 2022 10:52:51 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=24941 This September sees the welcome return of Open Doors, Wales’s annual contribution to the European Heritage Days initiative, which invites heritage organisations, private owners, local authorities, and others to open their doors to historic buildings or offer activities free of charge during September.

Funded and organised by Cadw, this popular festival includes several of the country’s lesser-known sites – some of which are usually closed to the public – as well as more iconic landmarks like St David’s Cathedral, Chepstow Castle and many Cadw and National Trust sites. Over the month more than 200 of Wales’s historic sites, landmarks and hidden gems will offer visitors free entry, events or guided tours.

These will include:

Tŷ Mawr, Wybrnant, Penmachno

Tŷ Mawr, Wybrnant, Penmachno, birthplace of Bishop William Morgan, the translator of the first complete Welsh Bible, published in 1588. Tree-ring dating by the Royal Commission shows that the present house was reconstructed in the later 16th century during the lifetime of Bishop Morgan. There will be free entry from 10am – 4pm on Saturday 17 September.

Insole Court

Insole Court, an outstanding Victorian mansion in Llandaff built in 1855 by W.G. & E. Habershon for local industrialist J.H. Insole. The house became derelict after the Second World War but was rescued for the community and restored by the Insole Court Trust and re-opened in 2016. A number of free 30-minute whistle-stop tours are available over the weekend of Saturday 24 and Sunday 25 September. For further details see: https://cadw.gov.wales/open-doors-insole-court

Yr Ysgwrn, Trawsfynydd, Gwynedd

Yr Ysgwrn, Trawsfynydd, Gwynedd, the home of Hedd Wyn (1887? –1917) who famously won the chair posthumously for his poem `Yr Arwr’ at the National Eisteddfod at Birkenhead on 6 September 1917, having tragically died on 31 July at the battle of Pilckem Ridge. On Saturday 24 September, there will be free guided tours of the farmhouse (available by advance booking only) as well as free craft sessions available for children and young people throughout the day.

For further information, see: https://cadw.gov.wales/open-doors-yr-ysgwrn

St David’s Cathedral

There will be several events during the Open Doors weekend of September 24 and 25, and 29 September at St David’s Cathedral, one of the most remarkable medieval buildings in Britain.  Tours will include areas not usually open to the public, especially the pulpitum (screen) with its 14th– century wallpaintings. These include the owl (wisdom = the clergy) mobbed by magpies (foolishness = the congregation) over the doorway into the nave. The wallpaintings are discussed in Painted Temples: Wallpaintings and Rood-screens in Welsh Churches, 1200–1800 by Richard Suggett.

A calendar showing which sites are open and when is available on the Cadw website:
https://cadw.gov.wales/visit/whats-on/open-doors-events

Due to the present period of national mourning some events may now not take place. Please check with venues before visiting. 

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Royal Commission Archive & Library Bulletin of Newly Catalogued Material – July 2022 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/royal-commission-archive-library-bulletin-of-newly-catalogued-material-july-2022/ https://rcahmw.gov.uk/royal-commission-archive-library-bulletin-of-newly-catalogued-material-july-2022/#respond Wed, 17 Aug 2022 11:17:33 +0000 https://rcahmw.gov.uk/?p=24776 Welcome to the latest monthly edition of the National Monuments Record of Wales (NMRW) Archives and Library Bulletin which lists all newly catalogued material. The archival items, library books and journal articles are all available to view in our public reading room. The full archive catalogue is available on Coflein and contains digital copies of many of the items listed. All publications may be found on our online Library Catalogue.

Our Library and reading room is open:
We are open Monday, Tuesday and Thursday 9:30 – 16:00, Wednesday 10:30-16:30
An appointment is advisable.

Archives

Archive items have been added to the following collections in the past month:

Many of these items are hard copy, including large scale plans, photographs and reports, and are available to view in our searchroom in Aberystwyth; others are digital and can be viewed on our online catalogue Coflein.

Now catalogued and available on Coflein:

Digital colour photographs of Merthyr Tydfil War Memorial, Pontmorlais, Merthyr Tydfil. The bronze life-sized figure of a miner is paired with another of a woman carrying a child, representing the sacrifices at home during the First World War. Photo survey by Geoff Ward of RCAHMW.
Digital colour photographs of Merthyr Tydfil War Memorial, Pontmorlais, Merthyr Tydfil. The bronze life-sized figure of a miner is paired with another of a woman carrying a child, representing the sacrifices at home during the First World War. Photo survey by Geoff Ward of RCAHMW.
Digital colour photograph showing peat exposure at the southern end of Newgale Beach, taken by our Maritime Investigator Julian Whitewright in March 2022. The remains of a submerged forest, and associated peat deposits are periodically exposed on Newgale Beach when sand levels are lowered. Finds have included a Bronze Age Axe and an antler
Digital colour photograph showing peat exposure at the southern end of Newgale Beach, taken by our Maritime Investigator Julian Whitewright in March 2022. The remains of a submerged forest, and associated peat deposits are periodically exposed on Newgale Beach when sand levels are lowered. Finds have included a Bronze Age Axe and an antler
Digital colour photograph showing a window in the dilapidated church at Castell Dwyran, Clynderwen. The photo is part of a survey of the church carried out by Martin Davies in 2022.
Digital colour photograph showing a window in the dilapidated church at Castell Dwyran, Clynderwen. The photo is part of a survey of the church carried out by Martin Davies in 2022.
Digital colour photograph showing the altar at St Joseph’s Catholic church, Pwllheli. The altar, made from Aberllefenni slate, has a hexagonal base engraved with the fish and anchor image and an engraved inscription in Celtic script along the edge of the mensa, reading ‘a'r gair a wnaethpwyd yn gnawd’ [‘and the word was made flesh’]. Part of a collection of photographs showing Catholic churches in Wales, taken by The Architectural History Practice in 2018.
Digital colour photograph showing the altar at St Joseph’s Catholic church, Pwllheli. The altar, made from Aberllefenni slate, has a hexagonal base engraved with the fish and anchor image and an engraved inscription in Celtic script along the edge of the mensa, reading ‘a’r gair a wnaethpwyd yn gnawd’ [‘and the word was made flesh’]. Part of a collection of photographs showing Catholic churches in Wales, taken by The Architectural History Practice in 2018.
Digital colour photograph showing the last survivor of a group of about twenty seaweed drying huts that used to be located at Freshwater West in the early 20th century. The huts were used for drying seaweed that was harvested by women from the village of Angle. The seaweed was laid out on the floor of a hut for a week, and once dry was sent to Swansea for processing into laver bread. Taken by our Maritime Investigator Julian Whitewright in April 2022.
Digital colour photograph showing the last survivor of a group of about twenty seaweed drying huts that used to be located at Freshwater West in the early 20th century. The huts were used for drying seaweed that was harvested by women from the village of Angle. The seaweed was laid out on the floor of a hut for a week, and once dry was sent to Swansea for processing into laver bread. Taken by our Maritime Investigator Julian Whitewright in April 2022.
Digital colour photograph showing an old piece of machinery at Porth Y Pistyll quay, Aberdaron, with human for scale. The quay was constructed in the first decade of the twentieth century in connection with a nearby granite quarry operated under the direction of the Co-operative Granite Quarries Ltd. Part of a digital photographic survey, produced in 2020 by Michael Statham.
Digital colour photograph showing an old piece of machinery at Porth Y Pistyll quay, Aberdaron, with human for scale. The quay was constructed in the first decade of the twentieth century in connection with a nearby granite quarry operated under the direction of the Co-operative Granite Quarries Ltd. Part of a digital photographic survey, produced in 2020 by Michael Statham.

Books

All our books and journals can be found on the Royal Commission’s Library Catalogue and viewed in our Library and Search Room.

  • Archifdy Ceredigion Archives. 2020. Edrychwch yn ofalus : Arolwg o Sir Aberteifi / Look closely : Cardiganshire surveyed. Aberystwyth: Ceredigion County Council.
  • Drury, P. and McPherson, A. 2008. Conservation principles: policies and guidance for the sustainable management of the historic environment. London: English Heritage.
  • English Heritage. 2007. Regeneration in historic coastal towns. London: English Heritage.
  • Fishlock, Trevor. 2007. In this place: the National Library of Wales. Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales.
  • Owain, Eryl. 2022. William Morgan, Ty Mawr a’r Wybrant. Llanwrst: Gwasg Carreg Gwalch.

Journals

  • Architects’ Journal Volume 249 (Issue 6, 23 June 2022).
  • Context: Journal of the Institute for Historic Building Research Volumes 163-164 (March-May 2020) and 168-169 (June-September 2021).
  • Current Archaeology Volume 389 (August 2022).
  • Heritage Now: The Magazine of Historic Buildings and Places Volume 02 (Summer 2022).
  • The Georgian Volume 1 (Spring 2022).
  • The Georgian Group Journal Volume 30 (2022).
  • The Victorian Volume 70 (July 2022).

Journals: Current Awareness

  • Current Archaeology Volume 389(August 2022), p.8 News in brief, Treasure in Wales – Bronze Age hoard found in Llanddeusant, Carmarthenshire. p.66 CAER Heritage.
  • Georgian Volume 1 (Spring 2022), p.27 Casework: Jezreel Baptist Chapel, Goginan; Plas Newydd, Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd; St Paul’s Church, Stow Hill, Newport.
  • Georgian Group Journal Volume 30 (2022), p.149-160 For dowager or disability? John Nash’s designs for the Countess of Shannon, Rebecca Tropp, includes discussion of Nash’s later Welsh villas and the chronological groups Richard Suggett uses to categorise them.
  • Heritage Now Volume 02 (Summer 2022), p.9-15 Casework, Llys Onnen, Abergele; All Saints Church, Aberystwyth; St Cadoc, Caerleon, Former Hebron Chapel, Monmouth; Saints Asaph and Cyndeyrn, St Asaph.
  • Victorian Volume 70 (July 2022), p.18 Case notes: The Barmouth Railway Viaduct: Repair or Replace, Tom Taylor. p.19 Casework: Kinmel Hall, Conwy. p.23 Case study: Renewed: Victoria Pier, Colwyn Bay, Elgan Jones.

Contact us

If you have any comments or enquiries, please feel free to contact us:

NMRW Library and Enquiries Service
Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales
Penglais Road
Aberystwyth
Ceredigion SY23 3BU

Telephone: +44 (0)1970 621200
Email: nmr.wales@rcahmw.gov.uk
Website: rcahmw.gov.uk

Croesewir gohebiaeth yn y Gymraeg a’r Saesneg | Correspondence welcomed in Welsh and English

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